The White republic 1790-1868/98
“This government was made on the basis of white basis…It was made for white men, for the benefit of white men and their posterity forever” — Stephen Douglas in debate with Lincoln.
“The original United States Naturalization Law of March 26, 1790 (1 Stat. 103) provided the first rules to be followed by the United States in the granting of national citizenship. This law limited naturalization to immigrants who were “free white persons” of “good moral character”. It thus, left out indentured servants, slaves, free blacks, and later Asians. While women were included in the act, the right of citizenship did “not descend to persons whose fathers have never been resident in the United States….” Citizenship was inherited exclusively through the father. This was the only statute that ever purported to grant the status of natural born citizen.”
From The Naturalization Act of 1790: Development of the Immigration Law
The Naturalization Act of 1790 was a discriminating act to anyone who was not a “white person”. The word “white person” referred to a Caucasian, excluding “Mongolian or yellow, Ethiopian or black, American or red, Malay or brown, Chinese, Japanese, Burmese, Kanakas, and Canadian Indians.”
Asians were also discriminated against with the “Anti-Coolie” Act that discouraged Chinese immigrants by adding a tax on employers who hired Chinese workers. The Act of May 6, 1882, the first Chinese Exclusion Act fully restricted all Chinese Immigrants in the United States for 10 years. Without citizenship, they could not vote; without the right to vote, they had very little political influence.
Since 1875, the Naturalization Act also excluded the right to citizenship to prostitutes, the mentally retarded and people with contagious diseases#. Italians, Greeks, Poles, Croats, and Slovenians were considered in between “white” people, therefore were allowed to obtain citizenship.