Index of Articles and References for HBD and Race Realism

(I’ll add to this over the next couple of days: Links here.)

I. Articles.

Science and the ‘R’ term: Race, Ethnicity and Biology

Barbujani, 2005. Human Races: Classifying People vs Understanding Diversity. (Discusses the reality to which race corresponds and disputes calling historic descendancies ‘races’)

Bernasconi, Lee, et al., 2000. The idea of Race (Historical taxonomic and other conceptions of Race — Berneir, Voltaire, Kant, Herder, Blumenback, Hegel, Gobineau, Darwin, Galton, etc).

Bolnik, 2008. Individual ancestry inference and the reification of race as a biological Phenomena. (Discusses the ‘problem’ or races or ancestries being seen as discrete. My comment: if you plop two ends of a continuum in the same place, they are not continuous)

Hardimon, 2009. Wallis Simpson was Wrong (Defines race in a coherent, logical manner)

Mountain and Risch, 2004. Assessing Genomic contributions to phenotypic differences among “racial” and “ethnic” groups. (Show that self described race and ethnicity largely corresponds to different population clusters)

Pigliucci and Kaplan, 2003. On the Concept of Biological Race and Its Applicability to Humans (Calls Biological race/descendancy/population ‘ecotype’ and calls social race/ancestry/ethnos ‘folk race’ — says the former is a valuable biological concept, but distinguishes it from the latter)

Sesardic, 2010. Race: a social destruction of a biological concept. (Argues that race is a appropriate term for historic descendancies)

Soo-Jin Lee, et. al., 2008. The ethics of characterizing difference: guiding principles on using racial categories in human genetics. (Genome Biology ethics guide for researching racial genetics)

Woodley, 2009. Is Homo sapiens polytypic? Human taxonomic diversity and its implications (Argues for the validity of the Concept of Taxonomic Race)

A. Just the Science, Please

Recent Research in Populations genetics

Li, et al., 2008. Worldwide Human Relationships Inferred from Genome-Wide Patterns of Variation

Zakharia, et al., 2009. Characterizing the admixed African ancestry of African Americans (2009)

Human Bio-cultural evolution

Chiao, 2009. Cultural neuroscience: Visualizing culture-gene influences on brain function. (Introduction to Cultural Neuroscience: “Research in cultural neuroscience may also inform public policy issues related to cultural diversity and interethnic justice”)

Chiao and Ambady, 2007. Cultural neuroscience: Parsing universality and diversity across levels of analysis. (Methodology of Cultural Neuroscience: “We prefer to discuss population variation in the genome in terms of culture rather than race. because culture refers not only to ethnic heritages and phenotypic similarities between individuals …”)

Laland, Odling-Smee, and Myles, 2010. How culture shaped the human genome: bringing genetics and the human sciences together. (Introductory reading)

Gintis, 2010. Gene-Culture Coevolution and the Nature of Human Sociality. (More introductory reading)

Mesoudi, White, and Laland, 2006. Towards a unified science of cultural-evolution. (Outlines a framework for looking at cultural evolution)

Human Bio-cultural differences

Chiao and Blizinsky, 2009. Culture-gene coevolution of individualism collectivism and the serotonin transporter gene. (Higher rates of pro-collective serotonin transporter in East Asians. Compare here: Caucasian-Americans currently demonstrate more collectivistic tendencies than native Japanese. My comment: Living in a Diverse/homogeneous nation modulates ones expression; relative context is important.)

Lea, 2007. Monoamine oxidase, addiction, and the “warrior” gene hypothesis. (Discusses the “warrior-gene.”)

Laland, 2008. Exploring gene–culture interactions: insights from handedness, sexual selection and niche-construction case studies. (Discusses the recent increase in the rate of human cognitive adaptation and gene-culture populations differences)

Human Cultural Evolution

McElreath and Henrichm 2006. Modeling Cultural Evolution. (A more technical discussion of cultural evolution)

Henrich, Boyd, and Richerson, 2008. Five Misunderstandings About Cultural Evolution. (Theoretical discussion of cultural evolution)

Individual Differences in Behavior Psychology

Penke, 2010. Bridging the gap between modern evolutionary psychology and the study of individual differences
(Outlines the non-universalist version of evolutionary psychology)

Human Genetic Diversity

Campbell and Tishkoff, 2009. The Evolution of Human Genetic Review and Phenotypic Variation in Africa (Discusses the latest conception regarding human Adaption and Differentiation)

Foster, 2004. Ice Ages and the mitochondrial DNA chronology of human dispersals: a review. (Discusses the differentiation and spread of Humans out of Africa)

The International HapMap Consortium, 2005. A haplotype map of the human genome (Technical discussion of Human Haploid Map and research)

Lohmueller, Indap, Schmidt, et. al., 2008. Proportionally more deleterious genetic variation in European than in African populations. (Discusses differences in the rate of population mutations)

Pritchard, Pickrell, and Coop, 2009.The Genetics of Human Adaptation Hard Sweeps, Soft Sweeps, and Polygenic Adaptation. (Discusses the latest conception regarding human Adaption and Differentiation)

Recent Acceleration in Population divergence

Pickrell, Coop, Novembre, et. al., 2009. Signals of recent positive selection in a worldwide sample of human populations. (Discusses recent genetic selection across human populations)

Barreiro, Laval, Quach, et. al., 2008. Natural selection has driven population differentiation in modern humans (Discusses natural selection and population variation)

Coop, Pickrell, and Novembre, 2009. The Role of Geography in Human Adaptation. (Discusses the geographic component to differentiation and how differentiation is shallow: We have argued here that strong, sustained selection that drives alleles from low frequency to near fixation has been relatively rare during the past ~70 KY of human evolution.”)

Genetics of Elite Athletes

Ostrander, Huson, and Ostrander, 2009. Genetics of Athletic Performance (Discusses genetics of elite Athletes)

Human Genetic Diversity: Race/Population and Athletic Performance

Weston, Mbambo, and Myburgh, 2000 Running economy of African and Caucasian distance runners.
(Discusses the average running advantage of African long distance runners)

Kohn, Essén-Gustavsson, and Myburgh, 2007. Do skeletal muscle phenotypic characteristics of Xhosa and Caucasian endurance runners differ when matched for training and racing distances? (Technical Discussion of some aspects of the population differences in running)

Holden, 2004. Peering Under the Hood of Africa’s Runners (Population Genetics and Athletic ability)

Human Genetic Diversity: Race/Population and Biomedical Research

Beckman, 2006. The Race for Ancestral Genetics in Clinical Trials. (Discusses the importance of population genetics for clinical trials and the development of genotype specific medicine)

Race, Ethnicity, and Genetics Working Group, 2005. The Use of Racial, Ethnic, and Ancestral Categories in Human Genetics Research. (Discusses the importance of using Racial and Ancestral classifications for biomedical research)

Risch, 2005. Dissecting Racial and Ethnic Differences. (The natural inequality of medically deleterious genetics)

Rotimi, 2005. Understanding and Using Human Genetic Variation Knowledge in the Design and Conduct of Biomedical Research. (Discusses the relevance of Race in biomedical research)

IQ and G and Heritability

Deary et, al. 2010. The neuroscience of human intelligence differences.

Deary, Penke and, Johnson, 2010. The neuroscience of human intelligence differences. (Overview of the genetic research on intelligence.)

Deary, Johnson, and Houlihan, 2009. Genetic foundations of human intelligence

Gottfredson, 2010. The General Intelligence Factor (G has been established as an important predictor for life success. Contrary opinion here)

Gray and Thompson, 2004. Neurobiology of Intelligence: Science and Ethics

Haworth, et al., 2009. A Twin Study of the Genetics of High Cognitive Ability Selected from 11,000 Twin Pairs in Six Studies from Four Countries

Haworth, Dale and Plomin, 2007. Generalist Genes and High Cognitive Abilities

McGrew, 2009. CHC Theory and the human cognitive abilities project: Standing on the shoulders of the giants of psychometric intelligence research. (Presents a Taxonomy of terms used in intelligence research)

Chiang, et. al., 2009. Genetics of Brain Fiber Architecture and Intellectual Performance

Glscher, 2009. Distributed neural system for general intelligence revealed by lesion mapping

Race, Population Genetics And IQ

Gottfredson 2005. What if the Hereditarian Hypothesis is True (Discusses the social implications of the Hereditarian Hypothesis)

Meisenberg, 2003. IQ Population Genetics: It’s not as Simple as You Think. (Introductory reading)

Murray, 2007. The magnitude and components of change in the black–white IQ difference from 1920 to 1991: A birth cohort analysis of the Woodcock–Johnson standardizations. (Discuses the B-W gap and it’s change over time.)

Rindermann, 2007. The Big G-Factor of National Cognitive Ability. (Discusses some theoretical issues concerning intelligence research and attributes national differences largely to culture and education)

Rushton and Jensen, 2010. Race and IQ: A Theory-Based Review of the Research in Richard Nisbett’s
Intelligence and How to Get It
. (Rushton and Jensen reply to Nisbett and review the data.)

Rushton and Jensen, 2005. Thirty years of research on race differences in cognitive ability.

Templer, 2010. Can’t see the forest from the trees. (An evolutionary view of global Intelligence difference.)

Kanazawa, 2007. Temperature and evolutionary novelty as forces behind the evolution of general intelligence

Bailey and Geary, 2009. Hominid Brain Evolution: Testing Climatic, Ecological, and Social Competition Models.

Templer and Arikawa, 2006. Temperature, skin color, per capita income, and IQ: An international perspective (Hypothesizes that temperature differences and adaptive novelty were forces behind cognitive selection)

Wicherts and van der Maas, 2009. Systematic literature review of the average IQ of sub-Saharan Africans. (A reanalysis of sub-Sahara African IQ data; significantly higher averages are derived)

Why talk about race and ethnic differences in non-biomedical instances

Hunt and Carlson, 2007. Considerations Relating to the Study of Group Differences in Intelligence. (Presents and overview of the subject, defense of the research, and outlines the standards for conducting research on racial differences)

Lahn and Ebenstein, 2009. Let’s celebrate human genetic diversity (Argues that Biological Egalitarianism leads to false accusations and argues for the needs to celebrate Human Genetic Diversity.)

Levin, 1997. Why Race Matters (Discusses racial differences and the Political necessity of discussing them, for reference compare Levin’s Libertarianism to here. )

Responses: Fighting Fallacious Thinking

Gottfredson, 2009. Logical fallacies used to dismiss the evidence on intelligence testing. (Categories Fallacies used to dismiss the findings about Group differences in IQ)

Gottfredson, 2007. Flynn, Ceci, and Turkheimer on Race and Intelligence: Opening Moves. (Categories more Fallacies used to dismiss the findings about Group differences in IQ)

Sesardic, 2010. Nature, nurture, and politics. (Clarifies why arguing against Cultural Marxism, doesn’t equate with arguing for ethnonationalism)

Sesardic, 2000. Philosophy of Science That Ignores Science: Race, IQ and Heritability. (Points out the flaws inherent in the critiques of the hereditarian hypothes

Shermer, 2009. A Noble Conception. (Discusses Evolutionary Theory in Relation to Conservative and Liberal Creationism)

Group differences and Society

Gottfredson, 2004. Social Consequences of Group Differences in Cognitive Ability. (Discusses the social implications of the Hereditarian Hypothesis)

Kelly, Machery, and Mallon, 2009. Race and Racial Cognition. (Discuss the philosophical implications of the biopsychological of the Human group-sense. My comments here.)

Murray, 2005. The Inequality Taboo, (Discusses the Liberal egalitarianism)

Schmitt and Quinn, 2010. Reduction in Measured Subgroup Mean Differences: What is possible? (Discusses the possibilities and limitations that organizations have and face in their attempt to balance the competing desire for equal group representation and competitiveness)

Slaten, 2007. Liberal creationism. (Discusses Liberal Creationism, and argued that the summed evidence indicates otherwise.

Philosophy or Race.

Glasgow, 2008. A Theory or Race,

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4 Responses to Index of Articles and References for HBD and Race Realism

  1. M.H. says:

    Great series of articles. (I particularly appreciated the “Race and IQ: A Theory-Based Review of the Research in Richard Nisbett’s Intelligence and How to Get It”)
    About Rushton, I just finished reading this paper. Lieberman’s critics on Rushton’s works sound good.
    Has Rushton (or someone else) responded to Lieberman ? I can’t find anything about this.

    • Chuck says:

      Has Rushton (or someone else) responded to Lieberman ? I can’t find anything about this?

      No, you have to look at the data yourself. I started to here:
      But I haven’t had the time/inclination to follow up. Lieberman misclassifies Beals et al; after I noticed that and saw all the Gould references I didn’t bother checking up on the rest. (Rushton critiqued Gould here: “Race, intelligence, and the brain: The errors and omissions of the [] revised’edition of SJ Gould’s the mismeasure of man (1996)”)

  2. Kiwiguy says:

    @ M.H.

    My previous comment with links is caught in moderation, but see the following:

    Rushton, J. P. (2001). Commentary on L. Lieberman: how ‘Caucasoids’ got such big crania and why they shrank: from Morton to Rushton. Current Anthropology, 42, 85–86.

    Also, J. Philippe Rushton*, Elizabeth W. Rushton, Intelligence 31 (2003)

    Try the CHARLES DARWIN RESEARCH INSTITUTE site to get the pdf’s. Go into the personal page section.

  3. Kiwiguy says:

    Sorry, I just bothered to read through to the end of the paper you linked which includes the Rushton commentary & final word from Lieberman. The 2003 paper above addresses Lieberman.

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